Romanzas De Zarzuela Para Tenor Pdf Download
for a general overview of the history of zarzuela see berlioz, history of spanish opera, 77-86, and idem, romantismo y romantismo en la obra zarzuela española, 39-50. for an overview of the history of operetta see, among others, berlioz, opera: a history of opera in the western world, ed. david cairns (london: oxford university press, 2000), 6-12; and howard m. curl, operetta: a theatrical and musical history (bloomington, in: indiana university press, 2006), 5-10. for a general overview of the history of north american opera see, among others, david neuman, the american opera singer (bloomington, in: indiana university press, 1991), 1-13. the relationship between opera and zarzuela is discussed in carl j. dahlberg, the voice (new york: william morrow, 1981). the influence of italian opera on north american and european theater is discussed in, among others, arnold shaw, european opera (london: cassell, 1979); and donald jay grout, the theory of the modern stage: an historical and critical inquiry, vol. 1, theatrical audiences in france (new york: norton, 1982), 111-33. opera and zarzuela are discussed in an earlier and more critical context by berlioz, romantismo y romantismo en la obra zarzuela española, as well as in my article on spanish opera and operetta in the cambridge companion to operetta, ed. anastasia belina and derek b. scott (cambridge: cambridge university press, 2020), and in my article on zarzuela in music and theater in early modern spain, ed. antonio martinez and robert w. verkerk (lanham, md: scarecrow, 2013), 91-103. for an overview of the history of the voice in opera and operetta, see david neuman, the american opera singer (bloomington, in: indiana university press, 1991). for a general overview of the history of the voice in theater, see john t. strong, the voice (new york: w. w. norton, 1980). for an overview of the history of the voice in popular music, see robert k. oermann, the voice (new york: w. norton, 1982).
in the following sections, i will first discuss the underappreciated technical issues that affect all types of recorded voices, then i will analyze how recordings of the two modes of production differed in terms of the parameters used to determine voice quality, and finally i will analyze how recording technologies influenced the use of these parameters. with this information in hand, i will then discuss the implications of the approaches used by various zarzuela recordings for the genre’s stylistic evolution, before moving on to the role of zarzuela in the popular entertainment industry during the first decades of the twentieth century. i will conclude with a brief discussion of the impact that digital recording technologies have had on the study of the genre. voice recordings can be heard as distorted, empty, or even unintelligible sounds. most of the time, however, one can still understand the content of the recording. the intelligibility of a recording depends largely on the presence of vowel modifications that serve to modify its timbre and/or dynamics (i.e. the way in which the singer makes sounds), which affect the way in which the text is expressed. while vocal sounds can appear very different depending on which parameters are used to determine their timbre and dynamics, many voices are best described by the same set of parameters regardless of the genre: pitch, range, volume, and spectral shape (i. the way in which sounds are distributed across the frequency spectrum). when comparing different recordings, vocal sounds that share the same set of parameters are said to be modal, and they can be heard as similar to one another regardless of the genre in which they were produced. 5ec8ef588b